The capital of Kos, which has the same name as the island, is one of the most beautiful towns of Greece today. Its population, according to the results of the most recent censuses, is around 16.000. The town of Kos has a planned modern layout, wide roads, a beautiful beach with a man-made harbour, rows of trees and gardens, the imposing Castle of the Knights, and many archaeological sites, in combination with buildings of different styles and eras. It also has modern hotels, restaurants, cafes, bars and clubs.
The combination of  contemporary buildings with structure and remains that are representative of many other eras creates a particularly delightful atmosphere.
The abundant vegetation, which at some point is even tropical, contributes greatly to the town’s charm. Today’s town has been built on an anti-earthquake design, after the catastrophic earthquake of 1933. From antiquity even, the capital has experienced, as the whole of the island, many catastrophic earthquakes. Some call Kos ‘the town of the bicycles’ because so many journeys are made by bicycle. The connections with the villages of the island are, of course, made by couch or taxi.
The regular sea and air connections have greatly assisted in the growth of domestic and foreign tourism. Each year Kos attracts thousands of  visitors from other countries and, especially in the summer, the presence of these tourists creates a particularly cosmopolitan environment.